Exploring Rotorua’s history of Santa Parades

Wednesday, 29 November 2017

It’s carnival time.

Love them or hate them, Santa Parades have been part of New Zealand’s history since the early 1900s. Right from the start they have been a commercial venture supported by the large department stores that would promote the arrival of their in-store Santa. Father Christmas made his first appearance in New Zealand in 1903 at the John Court store in Auckland. Wellington’s first Santa parade was in 1905, organised by the shop known as ‘The Economic’.

Rotorua Santa Parades

David Brown tractor towing New Year eve Float, 1961. Photograph by Allan Russell (1927-2016), Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (2016.54.8)

Over the next few decades the scale of the parades in the main centres increased with the large department stores in Auckland battling it out for the grandest entrance made by Santa.

Santa Parades in Rotorua

Colour slide of the 1957 New Year festival parade in Rotorua. Photograph by Robert Crocker. Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (2016.50.2)

Here in Rotorua, we have our own parade history spanning from 1903 when the first carnival was held. Our very own historian, Don Stafford, describes how a committee was established in 1902 to plan a week-long celebration to attract tourists to Rotorua.

“They could not have imagined that they would be setting in chain an annual event (with few exceptions and some modification) that was to become synonymous with Rotorua for the next seventy-odd years.” [1]

Crowd watching Santa Parade on Arawa Street

Creator unknown: Photograph of a crowd watching a procession along Arawa Street during the Rotorua Carnival. Ref: PAColl-8479. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. /records/23056474

The Christmas and New Year carnival programme included many forms of racing, concerts, excursions and most important of all, the parade of decorated vehicles.

Not even the Depression of the 1930s could slow down the Christmas and New Year Carnival. There was talk of cancelling the celebration but the committee officials decided that it was exactly what was needed to bring people to the area. And, they were right. According to Stafford “The carnival of 1930 drew crowds that jammed the streets” and by 1936 the New Year Parade became almost a pilgrimage for many North Island holiday makers.

Carnival float in Santa Parade

Carnival float parading along Tutanekai Street, 1930. Photographer unknown. Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, ( GP-788)

In the Rotorua Museum’s collection we have many objects and photographs of the New Year Parades. The most prominent photographs were taken by Jack Lang who was one of the photographers for the Rotorua Photo News from 1966 to 1969. Lang has captured the New Year Parades of the late 60s which included the Fancy Dress Parades for the children and a New Year’s Eve Parade consisting of amazing and imaginative floats through the streets of Rotorua.

A dragon float in the Rotorua Santa Parade

A fearsome looking dragon draws followers, 1967. Photograph by Jack Lang (1915-1986), Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (2010.100.1285)

There were certainly some clever people involved in the construction of costumes and floats in which flowers often featured.

Man driving a tractor towing a float

David Brown tractor towing New Year eve Float, 1961. Photograph by Allan Russell (1927-2016), Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (2016.54.8)

One image that stands out is the photograph of a gentleman astride a white horse. He appears in a few images from our collection circa 1950 -1960.

 

Maori Chief on a a horse in the Santa Parade

Maori chief leading parade and Municipal band. Photograph by Jack Lang (1915-1986), Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (OP-5798)

New Year Santa Parade

New Year Eve Parade 1961, Photograph by Allan Russell (1927-2016), Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa, (2016.54.7)

The New Year Parade was held on New Year’s Eve for the last time in 1980. That was the year of the Centennial celebrations which included conferences, and sporting and cultural events. That year started and ended with a New Year carnival and parade. In 1981 the parade was held on December the 19th with the appearance of Santa. Since then the Parade seems to have modified into what we now know as the Santa or Christmas parade. In the early years it was a committee that organised these events and parades.

These days the Rotorua Christmas Parade is managed by a Charitable Trust and is taking place on Saturday 2 December at 4pm.

 

Natascha-HartzuikerMUSEUM PREPARATOR
Natascha Hartzuiker
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Footnotes

[1]Don Stafford, The New Century in Rotorua: A History of Events from 1900 (Auckland N.Z.; Rotorua N.Z.: Ray Richards Publisher and Rotorua District Council, 1988), 32.

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